Characterizing biopersistence potential of the metabolite 5:3 fluorotelomer carboxylic acid after repeated oral exposure to the 6:2 fluorotelomer alcohol
By Shruti V Kabadi, Jeffrey W Fisher, Daniel R Doerge, Darshan Mehta, Jason Aungst, Penelope Rice
Tox. and App. Pharm.
March 23, 2020
Our previous report on pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluation of 6:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) examined the biopersistence potential of its metabolites based on data published from single inhalation and occupational 6:2 FTOH exposure studies. We calculated internal exposure estimates of three key metabolites of 6:2 FTOH, of which 5:3 fluorotelomer carboxylic acid (5:3 acid) had the highest internal exposure and the slowest clearance. No oral repeated 6:2 FTOH exposure data were available at the time to fully characterize the biopersistence potential of the metabolite 5:3 acid. We recently received additional data on 6:2 FTOH and 5:3 acid, which included a 90-day toxicokinetic study report on repeated oral 6:2 FTOH exposure to rats. We reviewed the study and analyzed the reported 5:3 acid concentrations in plasma, liver, and fat using one-compartment PK modeling and calculated elimination rate constants (kel), elimination half-lives (t1/2) and times to steady state (tss) of 5:3 acid at three 6:2 FTOH doses. Our results showed that tss of 5:3 acid in plasma and evaluated tissues were approximately close to 1 year, such that the majority of highest values were observed at the lowest 6:2 FTOH dose, indicating its association with the biopersistence of 6:2 FTOH. The results of our PK analysis are the first to characterize biopersistence potential of the 5:3 acid after repeated oral exposure to the parent compound 6:2 FTOH based on steady state PK parameters, and therefore, may have an impact on future study designs when conducting toxicity assays for such compounds.