Toxicity of Balb-C Mice Exposed to Recently Identified 1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoro-2-[1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoro-3-(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy)propan-2-yl]oxyethane-1-sulfonic acid (PFESA-BP2)
By Johnsie R Lang, Mark J Strynar, Andrew B Lindstrom, Amy Farthing, Hwa Huang, Judith Schmid, Donna Hill, and Neil Chernoff
June 30, 2020
1,1,2,2-tetrafluoro-2-[1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoro-3-(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy)propan-2-yl]oxyethane-1-sulfonic acid (PFESA-BP2) was first detected in 2012 in the Cape Fear River downstream of an industrial manufacturing facility. It was later detected in the finished drinking water of municipalities using the Cape Fear River for their water supply. No toxicology data exist for this contaminant despite known human exposure. To address this data gap, mice were dosed with PFESA-BP2 at 0, 0.04, 0.4, 3, and 6 mg/kg-day for 7 days by oral gavage. As an investigative study, the final dose groups evolved from an original dose of 3 mg/kg which produced liver enlargement and elevated liver enzymes. The dose range was extended to explore a no effect level. PFESA-BP2 was detected in the sera and liver of all treated mice. Treatment with PFESA-BP2 significantly increased the size of the liver for all mice at 3 and 6 mg/kg-day. At the 6 mg/kg-day dose, the liver more than doubled in size compared to the control group. Male mice treated with 3 and 6 mg/kg-day and females treated with 6 mg/kg-day demonstrated significantly elevated serum markers of liver injury including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH), and liver/body weight percent. The percent of PFESA-BP2 in serum relative to the amount administered was similar in male and female mice, ranged from 9 to 13%, and was not related to dose. The percent accumulation in the liver of the mice varied by sex (higher in males), ranged from 30 to 65%, and correlated positively with increasing dose level.