Uptake and translocation of multiresidue industrial and household contaminants in radish grown under controlled conditions.
By Concepción Abril, Juan Luis Santos, Julia Martín, Irene Aparicio, and Esteban Alonso
November 18, 2020
The uptake, bioconcentration and translocation of 22 endocrine disrupting compounds (six perflurocarboxylic acids (PFAAs), perfluorooctanoic sulfonic acid, four anionic surfactants (alkylsulfates (ASC) from C12 to C16), bisphenol A (BPA), four preservatives (parabens), two biocides (triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCB)) and five UV-filters (benzophenones)) in radish (Raphanus sativus) has been investigated. Radishes were grown in sewage sludge-amended soil under controlled conditions in a grown chamber. Degradation in soil adhered to root was higher than in soil and varied significantly from a family to another. The most recalcitrant compounds were PFCs, anionic surfactants and TCB. Perfluorinated compounds and AS-C12 were detected in all plant tissues and were the compounds with the highest bioconcentration factors (BCF). A decrease of BCF was observed for ASCs with the increase of the alkyl chain. Non-ionic compounds, except TCB, were mainly accumulated in bulb. Phenolic compounds were detected at lower concentration levels than non-phenolic compounds probably due to metabolisation in radish cells. The highest BCF in edible bulb were obtained for PFOS (BCF: 1.668), perfluorooctanoic acid (BCF: 0.534) and AS-C12 (BCF: 0.523). This study reports for the first-time multiresidue plant uptake and translocation of pollutants from different chemical classes (perfluorinated compounds, surfactants, plasticiser, preservatives, biocides and UV-filters) and with a wide variety of physical-chemical properties.