Exploration of the developmental toxicity of TCS and PFOS to zebrafish embryos by whole-genome gene expression analyses

By Dong, Guangzhu, Rui Zhang, Hongyu Huang, Chuncheng Lu, Yankai Xia, Xinru Wang, and Guizhen Du
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
June 1, 2021
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-14527-9

Triclosan (TCS) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are known to have both endocrine disrupting and developmental toxicity effects on zebrafish embryos. Currently, potential molecular mechanisms underlying these toxicological phenomena require further studies. To address this gap in the literature, we used whole transcriptome microarrays to being to address the potential molecular mechanisms underlying developmental toxicity of TCS and PFOS on zebrafish embryos. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 300 μg/L TCS and 500 μg/L PFOS from 4 to 120 h post fertilization (hpf). Phenotypically, the hatching rate of zebrafish embryos was significantly reduced after TCS exposure at 72 hpf. Additionally, body length was significantly decreased in the TCS treatment group at 120 hpf. Gene ontology analysis of differentially expressed genes revealed that lipid metabolism, steroid metabolism, and organ development-related biological processes were significantly enriched in TCS- and PFOS-treated zebrafish embryos. Furthermore, signaling network analysis indicated that the steroid biosynthesis process was the most significant biological process disrupted by TCS in 120 hpf zebrafish embryos, while organ development was the most significant biological process disrupted by PFOS exposure. Our findings enhance the understanding of the specific types of embryotoxicity elicited by TCS and PFOS, and also provide information that can be used to inform future mechanistic studies.


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