Novel Perfluoroalkyl Ether Carboxylic Acids (PFECAs) and Sulfonic Acids (PFESAs): Occurrence and Association with Serum Biochemical Parameters in Residents Living Near a Fluorochemical Plant in China
By Jingzhi Yao, Yitao Pan, Nan Sheng, Zhaoben Su, Yong Guo, Jianshe Wang, and Jiayin Dai
Environ Sci Technol
October 20, 2020
Although perfluoroalkyl ether carboxylic (PFECAs) and sulfonic acids (PFESAs) have been widely detected in environmental matrices, their occurrence in humans and impact on human health remains insufficiently understood. Here, we report on 13 PFECAs and PFESAs in 977 sera samples collected from residents living near a fluorochemical plant in Shandong, China. The sum concentration of these emerging PFECAs accounted for 13% of the total PFASs in the serum of the participants, with the frequent detection of several PFECAs (>95%) (PFMOAA, PFO4DA, and PFO5DoDA at median concentrations of 12.91, 0.142, and 0.987 ng/mL, respectively) and PFESAs (98.7%) (Nafion byproduct 2 at a median concentration of 0.097 ng/mL). Serum PFMOAA, PFO5DoDA, and 6:2 Cl-PFESA levels were significantly higher in males than in females. Positive relationships were observed between age and PFMOAA, 6:2 Cl-PFESA, and H-PFMO2OSA levels, whereas HFPO-TA and PFO5DoDA serum concentrations in the 0-40-year age group were lower than that in the >40-year age group. Furthermore, multivariate linear regression models and sensitivity analyses showed positive associations among PFO5DoDA levels, elevated lipid parameters (cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides), liver function markers (albumin levels and alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, and glutamyl transpeptidase activities), and uric acid levels. Thus, our results suggest potential health risks from exposure to novel PFESAs and PFECAs (especially PFO5DoDA).