Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) current status and research needs

By R. Naidu, P. Nadebaum, C. Fang, I.T. Cousins, K. Pennel, J. Conder, C.J. Newell, D. Longpré, S. Warner, N.D. Crosbie, A. Surapaneni, D. Bekele, R. Spiese, T. Bradshaw, D. Slee, Y. Liu, F. Qi, M. Mallavarapu, L. Duan, L. McLeod, M. Bowman, B. Richmond, P. Srivastava, S. Chadalavada, A. Umeh, B. Biswas, A. Barclay, J. Simon, and P. Nathanail
Environ. Tech. & Inn.
June 10, 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.eti.2020.100915

An expert workshop focusing on per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) was held in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia in September 2019 following the 8th International Contaminated Site Remediation Conference - CleanUp 2019. The workshop was organized by the Cooperative Research Centre for Contamination and Remediation of the Environment (CRC CARE) and was chaired by Professor Ravi Naidu, CEO and Managing Director of CRC CARE and Director of the Global Centre for Environmental Remediation at the University of Newcastle, NSW. The purpose of the workshop, which was attended by more than 50 experts in the field of contaminated land assessment and management, was to discuss the current state of play and research needs relating to PFAS contaminated sites. This paper provides a summary of the discussions and conclusions and lists actions and needs that the expert group identified as critical for pursuing successful PFAS management and remedy approaches.

This paper is intended to capture the shared information, comments, and current thinking related to PFAS challenges and research needs as identified by the group of expert participants; the write up is not intended to be a complete dissertation on the science and work that has been carried out. With a fast-evolving subject and increased government and public attention on PFAS presence in the environment, the group was convened with the objective of providing value in contributing to solutions to the PFAS challenges that are faced both in Australia and internationally. The text contained herein provides references to observations and methods that the experts drew on in their discussions and in support of their commentary; documentation of the original references was not provided, and the reader should consult the scientific literature if further information and confirmation of observations is required. Following a brief on the background to PFAS challenges, the paper focusses on research gaps identified by experts with focus on Australian soils and ground water including climatic patterns, an overview of PFAS research in Australia with emphasis on:


•Analytical considerations

•Ecological and Human Health Risks

•Fate and Transport

•Remediation and Risk Management.

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