Pollution Characteristics and Exposure Risk Assessment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Road Dust, Chengdu
By Fang SH, Zhu HX, Ye ZX, Yin HL, Sun J
December 26, 2019
To study the pollution characteristics and exposure health risk of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in road dust, 12 PFASs were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) in this study. PFAS concentrations in road dust ranged from 0.95 to 111 ng·g-1, with an average concentration of (25.6±37.2) ng·g-1, suggesting large spatial differences between PFASs in road dust. PFAS concentrations on the main roads were significantly higher than on minor roads, and the minor roads downtown displayed higher concentration levels than suburban minor roads. Perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA) was the predominant compound in Section 1 of Jie-fang Road, Jin-niu-ba Road and Shui-nian-he Road, while perfluroroocantanoic acid (PFOA, 24.8%) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS, 24.1%) were the main PFASs on other roads, indicating different sources of PFASs in these areas. The total daily dose of PFASs in road dust for children and adults were 0.168 ng·(kg·d)-1 and 0.028 ng·(kg·d)-1, respectively, suggesting higher exposure risk for children than adults. Therefore, more attention should be paid to children's health risk assessment. Daily doses of PFOA and PFOS in road dust for Chengdu residents were lower than the maximum daily intakes recommended by the European Authority, indicating that there was no immediate health risk to local residents.