Effects of perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids on the uptake of sulfobromophthalein via organic anion transporting polypeptides in human intestinal Caco-2 cells.

By Osamu Kimura, Yukiko Fujii, Koichi Haraguchi, Yoshihisa Kato, Chiho Ohta, Nobuyuki Koga, and Tetsuya Endo
Biochem Biophys Rep
September 29, 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrep.2020.100807

We performed a detailed investigation of the uptake of sulfobromophthalein (BSP) from the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells, which is a substrate for organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs), and calculated the kinetic parameters of BSP uptake as follows: K = 13.9 ± 1.3 μM, V = 1.15 ± 0.07 nmol (mg protein) (5 min), and k = 38.2 ± 0.53 μL (mg protein) (5 min). Coincubation with medium-chain (C7-C11) perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs), such as perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA, C7), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, C8), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA, C9), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA, C10) and perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA, C11), significantly decreased BSP uptake by 27-55%, while coincubation with short- (C3-C6) and long-chain (C12-C14) PFCAs decreased the uptake only slightly. Dixon plotting suggested that PFOA, PFNA and PFDA competitively inhibited the BSP uptake with inhibition constant (K) values of 62.2 ± 1.3 μM, 35.3 ± 0.1 μM and 43.2 ± 0.3 μM, respectively. PFCAs with medium-chains could be substrates for OATPs, probably OATP2B1, which is the most abundantly expressed OATP isoform in Caco-2 cells.

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